Cuscuta Dodder

Cuscuta Dodder mind map
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Cuscuta dodder in 
Chengalpet forests 
Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
Throughout the year
Parasitic nature
Over 201 species
Yellow, orange, or red plants
Genus Cuscuta
Part of Convolvulaceae
Found in temperate, tropical regions
Rare in cool temperate climates
Throughout India
In Punjab
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group
Identified species
Cuscuta reflexa
Cuscuta europaea
Attaches to host
Wraps around it
Haustoria insert into vascular system
Uses host's nutrients
Host location
Uses volatile organic compound cues
Host defenses
Mechanisms in tomato plants
Uses jasmonic, salicylic acid
Economic concerns in agriculture
Spread of plant diseases
Way Forward
Prevention and treatment
Laws against dodder seed import
Crop seed inspection
Non-host crop planting
Preemergent herbicides use
Physical removal of dodder
Use in Traditional Medicine
C. chinensis seeds for osteoporosis
Common in Chinese medicine

Cuscuta, commonly known as dodder or amarbel in India, is a genus of parasitic plants with over 201 species, mostly found in temperate and tropical regions, including Punjab, India. They are known for their parasitic nature, attaching to and wrapping around host plants to extract nutrients. The dodder’s significant impact lies in its economic threat to agriculture and its ability to spread plant diseases. Efforts to manage dodder infestations include legal restrictions on seed import, inspection of crop seeds, and agricultural practices like planting non-host crops and using preemergent herbicides. Interestingly, some species like C. chinensis are used in traditional Chinese medicine, notably for treating osteoporosis​​.

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