Biodiversity-Heritage Site – Gupteswar Forest

Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) mind map
Unique ecosystems
Rich biodiversity
Wild species
Domesticated species
Intra-specific categories
High endemism
Rare and Threatened species
Keystone species
Evolutionary significance
Wild ancestors of domestic species
Fossil beds
Cultural and Aesthetic values
Biological Diversity Act 2002
Legal Framework
Protection and Conservation
Management Guidelines
Gupteswar Forest, Odisha
Recent News
Designation as BHS
Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik's announcement
Adjacent to Gupteswar cave shrine
Koraput district
350 hectares
608 faunal species
Floral Diversity
182 species of trees
76 species of shrubs
177 species of herbs
69 species of climbers
14 species of orchids
Threatened medicinal plants
Conservation Significance
Endangered and Endemic species protection
Long-term conservation strategy
Other BHS in Odisha
Mandasaru Hills, Kandhamal
Mahendragiri Hills, Gajapati
Gandhamardan Hills, Balangir and Bargarh

Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) are unique ecosystems characterized by their rich biodiversity, including a variety of wild and domesticated species. Under the Biological Diversity Act 2002, these sites are legally protected and managed for conservation. Recently, the Gupteswar Forest in Odisha’s Koraput district was designated as a BHS, joining other significant sites in the state like the Mandasaru, Mahendragiri, and Gandhamardan Hills. Spread over 350 hectares, Gupteswar Forest is home to 608 faunal species and a wide range of flora, playing a crucial role in the conservation of endangered and endemic species.

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