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Bharatiya Space Station

Bharatiya Space Station mind map
Recent News
Plan to launch by 2035
Announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Original completion planned by 2030
Postponed due to Gaganyaan mission, COVID-19
First module launch targeted for 2028
International Cooperation
NASA's Bill Nelson expressed support
Potential collaboration with US, Canada, China
When
First module launch in 2028
Completion targeted by 2035
Why
Expand India's space capabilities
Support crewed missions
Enhance scientific research
What/Full Provisions
Station Statistics
Crew capacity of 3
Weight approximately 20 tonnes
Orbit at 400 km above Earth
Duration for astronauts 15-20 days
Launch Details
Launch vehicle LVM3
Next Generation Launch Vehicle for remaining modules
Features
Docking infrastructure for personnel, cargo
Zero gravity research labs
Modular construction in space
Robotics and Human Missions
Initial module operated by robots
Crewed missions post-2035
Where
Orbiting Earth
Approximately 400 km altitude
Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Expected launch pad
Who
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Dr. S. Somanath, ISRO Chairman
K. Sivan, Former ISRO Chief
NASA Administrator Bill Nelson
How
Technological Development
Cutting-edge technology required
Private companies collaborating
Rocket Development
Heavy lift vehicles for 20-25-ton payloads
Modular Assembly
Combining individual modules in space
Funding and Budget
Substantial budget requirement
Private-sector involvement
Boosting satellite launch market
International Cooperation
Partnerships for knowledge, resource sharing
Pros/Significance
Advancement in Space Technology
Enhances satellite development capabilities
International Collaboration
Mutual benefits in knowledge, technology sharing
Geopolitical Influence
Strategic positioning in space exploration
Cons and/or Challenges
Technological Upgrades Needed
Life support, radiation protection, structural integrity
Financial Constraints
Costly project, requires substantial funding
Lack of Human Spaceflight Experience
Need for astronaut training, infrastructure
Geopolitical Implications
Navigating diplomatic concerns
Long-term Sustainability
Regular maintenance, resupply missions
Space Debris Management
Addressing environmental impact
Public Support
Outreach and education for awareness
Way Forward
Gaganyaan Mission
Foundation for human spaceflight capabilities
Strengthening International Ties
Collaborations with spacefaring nations
Increasing Public Engagement
Highlighting scientific contributions
Addressing Challenges
Technological, financial, diplomatic efforts

In summary, the Bharatiya Space Station is India’s initiative to establish a permanent space station, aiming for completion by 2035 with the first module launch planned for 2028. This ambitious project by ISRO is set to enhance India’s capabilities in space technology, scientific research, and international space collaboration. The station is envisaged to have a crew capacity of three and be equipped with advanced features like docking infrastructure and zero-gravity research laboratories. However, the project faces challenges such as the need for cutting-edge technology, substantial funding, human spaceflight expertise, and managing geopolitical implications. The success of this endeavor hinges on international cooperation, technological advancement, and public support.

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