Article 244(A) and Autonomy Issue in Assam

Article 244(A) of the Indian Constitution, which allows for the creation of an autonomous state within Assam, has been a focal issue in the recent Diphu Lok Sabha elections. This provision is intended to grant tribal areas greater autonomy, including their own legislature and council of ministers, especially in regions like Karbi Anglong, which are governed under the Sixth Schedule. The demand for such autonomy dates back to the 1950s, and despite various peace accords promising greater autonomy and financial control, full implementation remains a central issue for the tribal communities in these areas.

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