Introduction: Firecrackers, integral to festive celebrations, are a major source of noise pollution and have detrimental health effects. Their use exacerbates public health issues and urban noise levels, necessitating immediate policy intervention.
- Public Health Concerns:
- Exposure to noise levels above 80 dB(A) in offices can lead to hypertension.
- Nighttime noise exceeding 50 dB(A) disrupts sleep and increases cortisol levels, impacting cardiovascular health.
- Continuous exposure, as seen during festivals like Deepavali, where noise exceeds 90 dB, can cause hearing loss, stress, and anxiety.
- Urban Noise Pollution:
- The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules 2000 set permissible limits, but enforcement is lax.
- Traffic and unregulated celebrations contribute to a constant ambient noise level, often breaching the stipulated norms.
- Lack of clear demarcation of noise zones and penalties for violations further complicates the issue.
- Policy Measures:
- Prohibition of production and sale of firecrackers that violate noise and pollution standards.
- Stringent enforcement of existing noise regulations with clear penalties.
- Public awareness campaigns promoting the harmful effects of firecrackers.
- Promotion and mandatory use of ‘green’ crackers with lower noise and chemical emissions.
- Development of public infrastructure to monitor and display real-time noise levels.
Conclusion: The unchecked use of firecrackers is a public health crisis. Policy measures must prioritize health and well-being over tradition, with stricter enforcement and public education to mitigate the harmful effects. copyright©iasexpress.net