286th Law Commission Report

286th Law Commission Report mind map
Recent News
Released recently
Epidemic Plan and SOP
Formulate Epidemic Plan
Define roles
Central government
State government
Local authorities
Consultation required
With stakeholders
Including private hospitals
Involve experts
Plan Provisions
Quarantine measures
Privacy-friendly surveillance
Transportation of medical supplies
Public information dissemination
Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
Ensures coordinated response
Across different government levels
Empowerment of Authorities
State governments
Take preventive measures locally
Central government
Frame binding regulations
During escalated threats
Amendment of EDA
Implementation of Epidemic Plan
Purpose of the Report
Demarcate roles and powers
Quick and coordinated response
Protection of rights during public health emergencies
Robust legal frameworks for epidemic management
About Epidemic Diseases Act of 1897 (EDA)
Historical context
Enacted by British Raj
Colonial-era law
Main provisions
Special measures for outbreaks
Regulations include
Use in modern times
Invoked during COVID-19 pandemic in 2020

The 286th Law Commission Report emphasizes the need for a comprehensive Epidemic Plan and Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) to effectively address future epidemics. It critiques the limitations of the Epidemic Diseases Act of 1897 (EDA), highlighting its outdatedness and lack of clarity on power division between the central and state governments, leading to uncoordinated epidemic responses. The report’s key recommendations include formulating a detailed Epidemic Plan delineating the roles of central, state, and local authorities, and consulting stakeholders in its drafting. The plan should encompass aspects like quarantine, surveillance, transport of medical supplies, and public information dissemination. An SOP is proposed for a coordinated government response at different levels, with states empowered to act during initial outbreaks and the central government taking over as threats escalate. The report suggests amending the EDA to mandate the preparation, revision, and implementation of the Epidemic Plan. These recommendations aim to establish clear roles and powers for authorities, ensuring quick, coordinated, and rights-protecting responses in future public health crises, highlighting the importance of robust legal frameworks in an interconnected world.

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