On July 24, 2019, the Lok Sabha has passed the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019. This bill, if made into a law, will replace the already existing Unlawful Activity (Prevention) Act, 1967.
Ever since its presentation in the lower house, this bill has been a subject of controversy. This bill is considered by some to be draconian in nature.
According to Amnesty International, the act once amended can designate any individual a terrorist, thus violating international human rights laws and opening the floodgate of harassment of the Human Rights defenders and activists.
Many foreign investors have pulled out of China in response to the tensions arising from the Trade War. This was made use of by countries like Vietnam, Singapore, etc., for their economic development.
India, in 2015, scraped the 2013 BIT model and brought in a new model which was in effect in 2017. This has caused an unfavourable investment environment within the country. India has also pulled out of BITs with 58 countries.
This model according to a Brookings Report is Pro-State with limited security to the foreign investors in India. India’s pulling out of BITs have created uncertainty amongst the foreign investors in India and Indian investors abroad.
Cyber warfare is becoming a new domain of warfare among nations. This warfare is different from others as even non-state players like terrorists and organised criminal groups are involved in it on a daily basis.
With increased digital transaction in India, post demonetisation, it is essential for the government of India to take measures to safeguard Indian citizens from crimes related to Cyber Space.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has passed a consistent path and in a comparatively short period of time has proved to be an effective model of multilateral cooperation based on mutual trust, equality, harmonious coexistence of different cultures and civilizations. With the entry of India and Pakistan, the SCO has become the largest regional grouping in the world, encompassing 60 percent of Eurasia’s territory with a population of around 3.2 billion people, and account for almost a quarter of global GDP.