“Yogavasistha” was translated into Persian by Nizamuddin Panipati during the reign of:

(a) Akbar

(b) Humayun

(c) Shahjahan

(d) Aurangzeb


The correct answer is A. Akbar.

  • “Yogavasistha” was a Hindu spiritual text traditionally attributed to Valmiki. It contains the discourses of sage Vasistha to prince Rama.
  • The text was translated into Persian several times during the Mughal rule on orders of the Mughal emperors.
  • Nizamuddin Panipati, on orders of Akbar, translated the text into Persian in the late 16th century. This translation is known as Jug-Basisht.
  • Hence, option A is the correct answer.

Learn more:

  • Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text attributed to Valmiki containing discourses of Vasistha to Rama.
  • It is associated with Advaita Vedanta philosophy and discusses illusion, non-duality, yoga, and liberation.
  • It was translated into Persian multiple times during the Mughal rule on orders of Akbar, Jahangir and Dara Shikoh.
  • Nizamuddin Panipati translated it during Akbar’s reign in late 16th century. His translation Jug-Basisht became popular in Persia.
  • The text is dated between 11th-14th century CE and is considered one of the longest Sanskrit texts after Mahabharata.
  • It emphasizes spiritual liberation and contains numerous stories and anecdotes to illustrate its teachings.

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