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With reference to the proposals of Cripps Mission, consider the following statements:

  1. The Constituent Assembly would have members nominated by the Provincial Assemblies as well as the Princely States.
  2. Any Province, which is not prepared to accept the new Constitution would have the right to sign a separate agreement with Britain regarding its future status.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

  1. The Constituent Assembly would have members nominated by the Provincial Assemblies as well as the Princely States.
  • This statement is incorrect. The members of the Constituent Assembly would be partly elected by the Provincial Assemblies through proportional representation and partly nominated by the Princely States.
  1. Any Province, which is not prepared to accept the new Constitution would have the right to sign a separate agreement with Britain regarding its future status.
  • This statement is correct. Any province unwilling to join the Indian dominion could form a separate union and have a separate constitution.

Learn more

  • The Cripps Mission was a failed attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure full Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II.
  • The mission was headed by Sir Stafford Cripps, a senior left-wing politician and government minister in the War Cabinet, who had actively supported the Indian national movement.
  • The main proposals of the Cripps Mission included setting up an Indian dominion with a dominion status, forming a Constituent Assembly to frame a new constitution for the country, and allowing provinces unwilling to join the Indian dominion to form a separate union and have a separate constitution.
  • The Congress objected to the provision for Dominion Status rather than full independence, the representation of the princely states in the constituent assembly not by the people of the states but by the nominees of the rulers, and above all by the right to provinces to secede.

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