With reference to “Gucchi” sometimes mentioned in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a fungus.
  2. It grows in some Himalayan Forest areas.
  3. It is commercially cultivated in the Himalayan foothills of north- eastern India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 2

(d) 2 and 3

Explanation

The correct answer is (c) 1 and 2. Here’s why:

  • Gucchi is a species of fungus in the family Morchellaceae of the Ascomycota.
  • It grows in some Himalayan forest areas, particularly in the regions of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand.
  • Gucchi is not commercially cultivated in the Himalayan foothills of north-eastern India. It is a wild mushroom and is not cultivated commercially.

Learn more

  • Gucchi, also known as Morel Mushrooms or Morchella Esculenta, is prized for its spongy, honeycomb texture and unique flavor.
  • It is one of the most expensive mushrooms, with prices ranging from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 30,000 per kilogram.
  • Gucchi mushrooms grow in clusters on logs of decaying wood, leaves, or humus soil.
  • The growing season of Gucchi mushrooms is from March to July, and they are commonly found at a height of 2500-3000 meters in Himalayan forests.
  • These mushrooms are rich in potassium, vitamins, copper, and vitamin D.
  • Gucchi mushrooms have various health benefits, including being rich in minerals, iron, and copper.

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