Which of the following statements are correct about the Constitution of India?

  1. Powers of the Municipalities are given in Part IX A of the Constitution.
  2. Emergency provisions are given in Part XVIII of the Constitution.
  3. Provisions related to the amendment of the Constitution are given in Part XX of the Constitution.

Select the answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Correct Answer: (d) 1, 2 and 3


  • Statement 1:Powers of the Municipalities are given in Part IX A of the Constitution.
    • This statement is correct. Part IXA of the Constitution, added by the 74th Amendment Act, 1992, deals with the Municipalities and includes Articles 243P to 243ZG.
  • Statement 2:Emergency provisions are given in Part XVIII of the Constitution.
    • This statement is correct. Part XVIII of the Constitution contains provisions for emergency situations, including national, state, and financial emergencies, covered under Articles 352 to 360.
  • Statement 3:Provisions related to the amendment of the Constitution are given in Part XX of the Constitution.
    • This statement is correct. Part XX of the Constitution, specifically Article 368, outlines the procedure for amending the Constitution.

Learn more

  • Part IXA: The Municipalities
    • Introduction: Added by the 74th Amendment Act, 1992.
    • Articles: 243P to 243ZG.
    • Types of Municipalities: Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Council, and Municipal Corporation.
    • Functions: Urban planning, regulation of land use, water supply, public health, and more.
    • Finance: State legislatures can authorize municipalities to levy taxes and receive grants.
  • Part XVIII: Emergency Provisions
    • Introduction: Contains provisions for handling emergencies.
    • Articles: 352 to 360.
    • Types of Emergencies: National Emergency (Article 352), State Emergency (Article 356), and Financial Emergency (Article 360).
    • Effects: Alters the distribution of powers between the center and states, impacts fundamental rights, and modifies financial arrangements.
  • Part XX: Amendment of the Constitution
    • Introduction: Governs the process of amending the Constitution.
    • Article: 368.
    • Types of Amendments: By simple majority, by special majority, and by special majority with ratification by half of the state legislatures.
    • Scope: Ensures the Constitution remains adaptable while preserving its fundamental principles.

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