There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non-food essential items squeezing their food-budget – Elucidate.(150 words)
In India, there is a growing disconnect between poverty and hunger. Despite the country’s economic growth, poverty and hunger persist, particularly among the most vulnerable populations.
Growing divergence in poverty and hunger:
- Rising Prices of Non-Food Essential Items: The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non-food essential items, such as healthcare and education, which is squeezing their food budget.
- Inadequate Social Safety Nets: India lacks an effective social safety net to support the poor, particularly during times of economic hardship. This results in the poor being unable to access enough food to meet their daily needs.
- Poor Access to Food: Despite India’s large food surplus, many people still lack access to adequate food due to inadequate food distribution systems, particularly in rural areas.
Impact of Divergence:
- Increased Hunger and Malnutrition: The growing divergence between poverty and hunger is resulting in increased hunger and malnutrition, particularly among children and women.
- Reduced Productivity: Hunger and malnutrition lead to reduced productivity and lower income-earning capacity, perpetuating the cycle of poverty.
- Worsening Health: Poor nutrition can lead to a range of health problems, including anemia, weakened immune systems, and chronic diseases.
In conclusion, the growing divergence between poverty and hunger in India is a major concern. Addressing this issue requires a comprehensive approach that includes the expansion of social safety nets and the improvement of food distribution systems to ensure that all people have access to adequate food.