Rock-cut architecture refers to the practice of carving buildings and other structures out of solid rock. This type of architecture was prevalent in ancient India, and can be seen in many Buddhist and Hindu temples and monasteries that were built between the 3rd century BCE and the 13th century CE. These rock-cut structures provide a valuable source of information about early Indian art and history, as they contain numerous sculptures, carvings, and other decorative elements that depict various aspects of ancient Indian culture. In addition, the inscriptions and texts found in these structures offer insights into the beliefs and practices of the people who built and used them.
Some examples of rock-cut architecture in ancient India include the Ajanta Caves, the Ellora Caves, the Badami Cave Temples, and the Elephanta Caves. These structures are known for their elaborate carvings and sculptures, which depict various deities, scenes from mythology, and other aspects of ancient Indian culture. Overall, rock-cut architecture is an important source of knowledge about early Indian art and history, and continues to be a significant part of the cultural heritage of India.