The banning of ‘Jamaat-e – islaami’ in Jammu and Kashmir brought into focus the role of over-ground workers (OGWs) in assisting terrorist organizations. Examine the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency affected areas. Discuss measures to neutralize the influence of OGWs. (150 words)

Over-ground workers (OGWs) are individuals who support and assist terrorist organizations without directly engaging in violent activities. In insurgency-affected areas, OGWs play a critical role in assisting terrorist organizations. Here’s an examination of the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations and measures to neutralize their influence:

  1. Intelligence gathering: OGWs provide intelligence to terrorist organizations about security forces, civilian movement, and other critical information.
  2. Logistics support: OGWs provide logistical support such as transportation, shelter, and food to terrorist organizations.
  3. Recruitment: OGWs are instrumental in the recruitment of new members for terrorist organizations by providing a network of support and ideological motivation.
  4. Propaganda: OGWs assist in spreading the propaganda of terrorist organizations through social media and other means.

To neutralize the influence of OGWs, the following measures can be taken:

  1. Intelligence gathering: The security forces need to enhance their intelligence gathering efforts to identify and neutralize OGWs.
  2. Community engagement: Engaging with the local community can help build trust and support, which can lead to the identification of OGWs and their activities.
  3. Legal action: The government can take legal action against OGWs by prosecuting them for their involvement in terrorist activities.
  4. Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation programs can be implemented to encourage OGWs to abandon their support for terrorist organizations and re-integrate into society.

In conclusion, OGWs play a crucial role in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency-affected areas. Neutralizing their influence requires a multifaceted approach that includes intelligence gathering, community engagement, legal action, and rehabilitation programs.

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