A subcontinent is defined as a large and distinctive landmass that is a distinct part of some continent. India is considered a subcontinent due to its unique geographical features, which set it apart from the rest of the Asian continent.
- Tectonic plate: India is located on the Indian Plate, a separate tectonic plate that was once part of the ancient supercontinent Gondwana. The Indian Plate’s movement towards the Eurasian Plate has shaped the region’s geography.
- Himalayas: The collision of the Indian and Eurasian Plates led to the formation of the Himalayas, the world’s highest mountain range, which serves as a natural barrier between India and the rest of Asia.
- Peninsular region: India is a peninsula, surrounded by the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean, further distinguishing it from the rest of the continent.
- Distinct climate: The Indian subcontinent has a diverse climate, ranging from tropical in the south to alpine in the Himalayas, which is influenced by the monsoon system.
- Cultural and historical uniqueness: India has a rich cultural and historical heritage, with distinct languages, religions, and traditions that set it apart from neighboring regions.
In conclusion, India is considered a subcontinent due to its distinct geographical features, tectonic history, and cultural diversity, which differentiate it from the rest of the Asian continent. This unique combination of factors has shaped India’s identity and development throughout history.