Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM).
Implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
Launched in April 2005, modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).
NMBS was part of the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP).
Transferred from the Ministry of Rural Development to the Department of Health & Family Welfare in 2001-02.
NMBS provides financial assistance of Rs. 500/- per birth up to two live births to BPL pregnant women aged 19 or above.
JSY replaced the uniform assistance of Rs. 500/- with a graded scale based on state categorization and rural/urban area.
Background on JSY:
Approximately 56,000 maternal deaths and over 13 lakh infant deaths occur in India annually.
Majority of infant deaths (2/3rd) happen within the first four weeks of life, with 75% occurring within a week and most within the first two days.
Reproductive and Child Health Programme under NHM aims to reduce maternal and infant mortality through promoting institutional deliveries.
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Reduce maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.