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Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

This topic of “Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Introduction:

  • Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM).
  • Implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
  • Launched in April 2005, modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).
  • NMBS was part of the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP).
  • Transferred from the Ministry of Rural Development to the Department of Health & Family Welfare in 2001-02.
  • NMBS provides financial assistance of Rs. 500/- per birth up to two live births to BPL pregnant women aged 19 or above.
  • JSY replaced the uniform assistance of Rs. 500/- with a graded scale based on state categorization and rural/urban area.

Background on JSY:

  • Approximately 56,000 maternal deaths and over 13 lakh infant deaths occur in India annually.
  • Majority of infant deaths (2/3rd) happen within the first four weeks of life, with 75% occurring within a week and most within the first two days.
  • Reproductive and Child Health Programme under NHM aims to reduce maternal and infant mortality through promoting institutional deliveries.

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Objective:

  • Reduce maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.

Target Group and benefits:

  • Focus on poor pregnant women, particularly in Low Performing States (Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Odisha, and Jammu and Kashmir).
  • High Performing States include the remaining states.
  • Performance-based incentives provided to ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) women health volunteers.
  • Eligible pregnant women receive JSY benefits directly in their bank accounts.

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