Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer. (250 words) [2020]

India’s diversity and pluralism, characterized by the peaceful coexistence of different cultures, religions, and languages, have been influenced by globalisation. Here are seven key aspects highlighting how globalisation has affected India’s diversity and pluralism.

1. Economic growth and urbanisation: Globalisation has fueled India’s economic growth, leading to increased urbanisation. Urban areas have become hubs of cultural exchange, bringing people from diverse backgrounds together.

2. Migration: Globalisation has facilitated the movement of people across borders, resulting in an influx of immigrants and expatriates. This has enriched India’s cultural diversity with unique customs, traditions, and languages.

3. Media and entertainment: Globalised media and entertainment have exposed Indians to diverse cultures and ideas, fostering an appreciation for diversity and a more open-minded attitude.

4. Education: Globalisation has internationalised education, with Indian students studying abroad and foreign students coming to India. This exchange of ideas has contributed to a diverse and inclusive educational environment.

5. Cultural homogenisation: However, globalisation has also brought the spread of Western culture, potentially overshadowing local customs and traditions. This poses a risk to cultural diversity and India’s pluralism.

6. Religious tensions: Globalisation can intensify religious tensions due to the spread of extremist ideologies and global events. Existing religious divides in India can be exacerbated, threatening pluralism.

7. Preservation of indigenous cultures: Globalisation has raised awareness about preserving indigenous cultures and traditions. This led to increased efforts to protect India’s diverse cultural heritage support pluralism.

In conclusion, globalisation has had both positive and negative effects on India’s diversity and pluralism. Balancing the embrace of globalisation with the protection of local customs and values is crucial to preserve India’s rich cultural diversity and pluralism.

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