Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer. (250 words) [2020]

There is ongoing debate about the impact of globalisation on diversity and pluralism in India. Some people argue that globalisation has threatened diversity and pluralism in India, while others argue that globalisation has contributed to the richness and vibrancy of Indian society.

Here are some points to consider when examining the impact of globalisation on diversity and pluralism in India:

  1. Economic and social changes: Globalisation has brought about significant economic and social changes in India, including the growth of the urban middle class, the proliferation of media and technology, and the integration of India into the global economy. These changes have had both positive and negative impacts on diversity and pluralism in India. On the one hand, globalisation has contributed to the emergence of new cultural practices and identities, and has opened up new opportunities for people from different backgrounds to interact and exchange ideas. On the other hand, globalisation has also contributed to the homogenization of culture, and has led to the displacement and marginalization of some traditional and indigenous communities.
  2. Culture and identity: Globalisation has also had an impact on culture and identity in India. Some people argue that globalisation has led to the erosion of traditional cultures and values, and has contributed to the loss of cultural diversity. Others argue that globalisation has allowed people to express their cultural identities in new and creative ways, and has contributed to the enrichment and diversity of Indian culture.
  3. Political and legal frameworks: The impact of globalisation on diversity and pluralism in India is also shaped by the political and legal frameworks that govern these issues. The Constitution of India guarantees the rights of all citizens, regardless of their cultural, religious, or linguistic background, and prohibits discrimination on these grounds. However, there have been instances of violence and discrimination against minority groups in India, and some people argue that globalisation has exacerbated these challenges.

Overall, it is difficult to determine the overall impact of globalisation on diversity and pluralism in India, as it depends on a variety of factors, and has both positive and negative impacts. To address the challenges and opportunities posed by globalisation, it will be important to examine the social, economic, and cultural factors that influence diversity and pluralism in India, and to identify policies and interventions that can promote greater social and economic inclusion and equality.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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