“In spite of adverse environmental impact, coal mining is still inevitable for development”. Discuss (150 words)

Coal mining plays a significant role in India’s energy sector and overall economic development. However, it also carries adverse environmental impacts. Let’s explore the balance between the necessity of coal mining for development and the challenges posed by its environmental consequences.

  1. Energy Demands:
  • India heavily relies on coal for meeting its energy requirements, as it is the most abundant and affordable source of energy.
  • Rapid industrialization and increasing electricity demands necessitate continued coal mining to ensure uninterrupted power supply and support economic growth.
  1. Job Creation and Economic Growth:
  • Coal mining contributes to employment generation, particularly in regions with abundant coal reserves.
  • The industry creates direct and indirect jobs, supports local economies, and contributes to revenue generation for the government.
  1. Environmental Concerns:
  • Coal mining has adverse impacts, including air and water pollution, deforestation, and greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to climate change.
  • The negative consequences on human health, biodiversity, and ecosystems require effective mitigation measures and transition to cleaner energy sources.

Despite the adverse environmental impact, coal mining is considered inevitable for development in India due to the country’s heavy reliance on coal for energy and its role in job creation and economic growth. However, it is crucial to prioritize sustainable development and implement measures to minimize environmental damage. Balancing the need for development with environmental conservation is a challenge that requires a transition towards cleaner energy sources and the adoption of sustainable mining practices.

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