- CCO is the major source of Coal Statistics in Government of India.
- It monitors progress of development of Captive Coal/Lignite blocks.
- It hears any objection to the Government’s notification relating to acquisition of coal-bearing areas.
- It ensures that coal mining companies deliver the coal to end users in the prescribed time.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4
The Coal Controller’s Organization (CCO) is a subordinate office under the Ministry of Coal. It was established in 1916 to regulate coal production and distribution during World War 1 due to increased demand and scarcity of coal.
The key roles and functions of CCO are:
- CCO is the major source of coal statistics in India. It collects and maintains monthly data on coal production from all public and private coal mines in the country.
- It monitors the progress of development of captive coal and lignite blocks.
- Under the Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act 1957, CCO hears objections to the government’s notifications related to acquisition of coal-bearing land and submits reports to the central government.
- Under the Colliery Control Rules 2004, CCO inspects coal mines to ensure proper classification and grading of coal. It also regulates the disposal of coal stock and expected output.
- CCO issues directives for declaration and maintenance of grades of coal of different seams mined in collieries.
- It acts as an appellate authority in case of disputes between coal consumers and mine owners regarding coal grade declaration.
- Under the Collection of Statistics Act 2008, CCO is the designated statistical authority for coal and lignite statistics. It conducts annual coal surveys and publishes provisional coal statistics.
- CCO submits monthly coal data to central and state government ministries, national and international agencies.
- It facilitates field visits of prospective bidders for proposed coal block auctions.
- CCO functions as Commissioner of Payments to settle claims of pre-nationalization colliery owners.
- Coal is the most important and abundant fossil fuel in India and accounts for 55% of the country’s energy needs.
- The Ministry of Coal formulates policies, regulations and conservation efforts for the coal sector. CCO assists the Ministry by collecting data and overseeing coal mining.
- Coal reserves are mainly located in eastern and south-central India, in states like Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.
- CCO has headquarters in Kolkata and field offices in major coal mining areas like Dhanbad, Ranchi, Bilaspur, Nagpur, Sambalpur, Kothagudem and Asansol.
- With increasing coal mining activities and new blocks opening up, CCO’s role in monitoring production, resolving disputes and maintaining transparency is crucial.
- The coal sector provides direct and indirect employment to millions of people in mining, transportation, power generation etc. and contributes heavily to the economy.