In essence, what does Due Process of Law’ mean?

(a) The principle of natural justice
(b) The procedure established by law
(c) Fair application of law
(d) Equality before law

  • “Due process of law” does not only check if there is a law to deprive the life and personal liberty of a person, but also checks if the law made is fair, just, and not arbitrary.
  • It ensures legal rights owed to a person are respected and that laws must conform to the principles of fairness, fundamental rights, liberty, etc.
  • In essence, it includes the idea of procedure established by law but adds the requirement that the procedure should be fair, just, and not arbitrary.
  • Therefore, option (c) Fair application of law is correct.
Reflection in IAS EXPRESS


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