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How do pressure groups influence Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as powerful than formal pressure groups in recent years?

Pressure groups play a significant role in the Indian political process by influencing policy-making and implementation. They act as a vital link between the government and the governed, ensuring that minority groups’ views are heard and considered. In recent years, informal pressure groups have emerged as more powerful than formal pressure groups in India. The following points illustrate their influence:

  • Raising awareness: Pressure groups generate political awareness and make the electorate more informed about various issues. For example, the Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) movement raised consciousness about dam construction and its repercussions.
  • Expertise: Pressure groups provide the government with important information and expertise on specific issues.
  • Representation: They represent minority groups and marginalized communities, ensuring their voices are heard in the political process.
  • Accountability: Pressure groups hold the government accountable for its actions and decisions, complementing the work of opposition political parties.
  • Direct action: Informal pressure groups in India often rely on direct action methods, such as hunger strikes, demonstrations, and chakka jaams.

Examples of informal pressure groups in India include the Narmada Bachao Andolan, Chipko Movement, and India Against Corruption. These groups have been successful in bringing about significant changes in government policies and actions.

In conclusion, pressure groups, particularly informal ones, have become increasingly influential in the Indian political process. They play a crucial role in raising awareness, providing expertise, representing marginalized communities, and holding the government accountable. As a result, they contribute to a more inclusive and responsive democratic system.

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