The higher judiciary in India plays a crucial role in interpreting and enforcing the laws of the country, and in protecting the rights of citizens. However, the representation of women in the higher judiciary has traditionally been low, with women comprising only about 10% of the judges in the Supreme Court and the high courts as of 2021. There are several reasons why greater representation of women in the higher judiciary is desirable.
Firstly, it is important for the higher judiciary to reflect the diversity of society, and women constitute half of the population in India.
Secondly, a higher judiciary that is more representative of society is likely to be perceived as more credible and legitimate.
Thirdly, research has shown that diverse groups are more likely to make better decisions, and a higher judiciary that is more diverse and inclusive is likely to make better decisions that are more representative of the needs and interests of all members of society.
Finally, greater representation of women in the higher judiciary would help to promote gender equality and address the longstanding gender imbalance in the legal profession in India. This would not only be beneficial for women, but also for society as a whole, as it would help to challenge gender stereotypes and promote more equal opportunities for all.