Highlight the Central Asian and Greco -Bactrian elements in Gandhara art. (Answer in 150 words)

Gandhara art is a style of Buddhist art that developed in the region of Gandhara, which is now in modern-day Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is known for its blending of Central Asian, Greco-Roman, and Indian influences, and for its depiction of the Buddha in human form.

Central Asian Elements in Gandhara Art:

  • Use of the Central Asian technique of “rip-saw” cutting to create fine details and deep undercuts in the sculptures
  • Influence from the nomadic art of the steppes, such as the use of vibrant colors and highly stylized forms
  • Depiction of Central Asian clothing and headgear, such as the pointed cap or “kolpak” worn by many figures
  • Representation of Central Asian animals such as the horse and the bull in Gandharan art

Greco-Bactrian Elements in Gandhara Art:

  • Use of the realistic and idealized human forms, and the depiction of muscular and athletic bodies
  • Influence of the Hellenistic tradition of representing movement and emotion in figures
  • Depiction of Greek gods and goddesses, such as Athena and Apollo, as well as scenes from Greek mythology
  • Use of the technique of frontality , which is the representation of figures with both eyes visible to the viewer
Mind map notes for UPSC
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