The Gandikota canyon of South India was created by the Pennar river. Now, let’s discuss each option separately:
(a) Cauvery: The Cauvery river is not responsible for the formation of the Gandikota canyon. It flows through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu but does not pass through the region where Gandikota is located.
(b) Manjira: The Manjira river is a tributary of the Godavari river and is not associated with the formation of the Gandikota canyon.
(c) Pennar: The Pennar river is responsible for the formation of the Gandikota canyon. It flows through the Erramala hills and has eroded the rocks over time, creating the spectacular gorge in the Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh.
(d) Tungabhadra: The Tungabhadra river is a tributary of the Krishna river and is not responsible for the formation of the Gandikota canyon.
- Gandikota is a village and historical fort on the right bank of the Pennar river, 15 km from Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
- The fort was the center of power for various dynasties, such as the Kalyani Chalukyas, Pemmasani Nayakas, and the Golconda Sultanate.
- Gandikota is also known as the “Grand Canyon of India” due to the stunning gorge formed by the Pennar river cutting through the Erramala hills. copyright©iasexpress.net
- The gorge is a maze of jagged rocks layered in shades of red, and the Pennar river meanders through the canyon floor.
- In November 2015, the Andhra Pradesh government cited a plan to develop Gandikota as the next major tourist hub of Andhra Pradesh.
- Apart from the gorge, other attractions in the area include the Gandikota fort, which sits majestically on top of the gorge.
- The best time to visit Gandikota is after the summer months, as temperatures can be high during the summer, making it uncomfortable to explore the area.