Consider the following statements in respect of election to the President of India:

1. The members nominated to either House of the Parliament or the Legislative Assemblies of States are also eligible to be included in the Electoral College.
2. Higher the number of elective Assembly seats, higher is the value of vote of each MLA of that State.
3. The value of vote of each MLA of Madhya Pradesh is greater than that of Kerala.
4. The value of vote of each MLA of Puducherry is higher than that of Arunachal Pradesh because the ratio of total population to total number of elective seats in Puducherry is greater as compared to Arunachal Pradesh.
How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) Only three
(d) All four

Explanation

Statement 4 is correct:

  • The determination of the value of the vote for each Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) in the Presidential election relies on the ratio between the state’s population and the number of elected seats in the legislative assembly. Hence, the value of each MLA’s vote can vary across states based on this calculation.

However, Statements 1, 2, and 3 are incorrect:

  • Statement 1: Individuals nominated to the Parliament or Legislative Assemblies are not included in the Electoral College for the Presidential election in India. Only elected members of both the Parliament and the Legislative Assemblies are part of the Electoral College.
  • Statement 2: The value of an MLA’s vote is not directly proportional to the number of elective assembly seats. Instead, it is determined by considering the state’s population and the number of elected seats in the assembly.
  • Statement 3: The value of an MLA’s vote is not directly linked to the population of the state. Rather, it is calculated using the formula mentioned above.
Inputs from Indian Polity Mindmap Notes & Current Affairs Notes

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