Consider the following statements:

  1. The India Sanitation Coalition is a platform to promote sustainable sanitation and is funded by the Government of India and the World Health Organization.
  2. The National Institute of Urban Affairs is an apex body of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs ‘in Government of India and provides innovative solutions to address the challenges of Urban India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


The correct answer is 2 only.

  • The India Sanitation Coalition was launched in June 2015 at FICCI, New Delhi. It is a multi-stakeholder platform that brings together the private sector, government, financial institutions, civil society groups, media, donors/bi-lateral/multilateral, experts, etc. to work in the sanitation space to drive sustainable sanitation through a partnership model. The vision of the alliance is to enable and support an ecosystem for sustainable sanitation through a partnership mode. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • The National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) is an apex body of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in Government of India. It was established in 1976 to provide innovative solutions and address the challenges of urbanization in India. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

Learn more:

  • The India Sanitation Coalition aims to bring organizations and individuals together on a common platform to find sustainable solutions for sanitation. It operates through 4 taskforces – Advocacy, Branding and Communication; Identification and Dissemination of Best Practices; Engagement with Central and State Governments; Partnerships, Collaboration and Growing the Members of the Coalition.
  • The National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) conducts research on urbanization, urban policy and planning, municipal finance and governance, land economics, transit-oriented development, etc. It also undertakes projects sponsored by various ministries, state governments, bilateral and multilateral international agencies.
  • NIUA provides support to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs through generation of quality research outputs, disseminating knowledge, building capacity, providing technical assistance and developing actionable toolkits.
  • Some key initiatives of NIUA include the Smart Cities Mission, AMRUT, Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban, HRIDAY, National Urban Livelihoods Mission, Urban Statistics, etc.

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