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Consider the following statements: 

1. According to the Constitution of India, the Central Government has a duty to protect States from internal disturbances.
2. The Constitution of India exempts the States from providing legal counsel to a person being held for preventive detention.
3. According to the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002, confession of the accused before the police cannot be used as evidence.
How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) All three
(d) None

Explanation:

  • Statement-1 is correct. According to Article 355 of the Constitution of India, it shall be the duty of the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance 1.
  • Statement-2 is incorrect. The Constitution of India does not exempt the States from providing legal counsel to a person being held for preventive detention.
  • Statement-3 is incorrect. The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 allowed confessions made to a police officer of the rank of Superintendent of Police to be admissible as evidence in court. However, the Act was repealed in 2004 and replaced with the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, which does not allow confessions made to a police officer to be used as evidence.
Inputs from Indian Polity Mindmap Notes & Current Affairs Notes

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