Consider the following heavy industries:

1. Fertilizer plants
2. Oil refineries
3. Steel plants
Green hydrogen is expected to play a significant role in decarbonizing how many of the above industries?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) All three
(d) None

The correct answer is (c). Green hydrogen is expected to play a significant role in decarbonizing all three industries.

  • Green hydrogen is produced by using renewable energy to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. This process does not emit any greenhouse gases. Green hydrogen can be used as a fuel in place of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas. This can help to reduce emissions from heavy industries, such as fertilizer plants, oil refineries, and steel plants.
  • Fertilizer plants use a lot of energy to produce ammonia, which is a key ingredient in fertilizers. Green hydrogen can be used to produce ammonia without emitting any greenhouse gases. This can help to reduce the carbon footprint of fertilizer production.
  • Oil refineries use a lot of energy to heat crude oil and convert it into gasoline, diesel, and other products. Green hydrogen can be used to heat crude oil without emitting any greenhouse gases. This can help to reduce the carbon footprint of oil refining.
  • Steel plants use a lot of energy to melt iron ore and convert it into steel. Green hydrogen can be used to melt iron ore without emitting any greenhouse gases. This can help to reduce the carbon footprint of steel production.
  • Green hydrogen is a promising technology that can help to decarbonize heavy industries. It is important to continue to develop this technology and to make it more affordable so that it can be widely adopted.
Inputs from IAS EXPRESS Current Affairs Notes

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