Account for the present location of iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material, by giving examples. (150 words) [2020]

There are several reasons why iron and steel industries are often located away from the source of raw materials. Some of the factors that contribute to this include:

  • Transportation costs: One of the main reasons why iron and steel industries are often located away from the source of raw materials is to minimize transportation costs. It is often more cost-effective to transport the raw materials to the industrial site rather than the finished products to the source of the raw materials.
  • Labor costs: Another factor that can influence the location of iron and steel industries is the cost of labor. In many cases, it is more cost-effective to locate these industries in areas where labor costs are lower, rather than in areas where the raw materials are located.
  • Infrastructure: The availability of infrastructure, such as roads, ports, and power supplies, can also influence the location of iron and steel industries. It may be more cost-effective to locate these industries in areas where these resources are already in place, rather than building them from scratch in a remote location.

Examples of iron and steel industries that are located away from the source of raw materials include the steel mills in China, which are located in coastal areas and rely on imported iron ore, and the steel mills in India, which are located in the eastern and western regions of the country and rely on imported iron ore and coal.

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