Governance Notes for UPSC | Mindmaps - IAS EXPRESS

Gender Sensitization of Indian Judiciary – Challenges and Way Ahead

Unbiased interpretation of judiciary of laws passed by the legislature is vital for ensuring sound democracy and inclusive society. Yet, the Indian Judiciary is plagued by patriarchal mindset, with interpretations being regressive and insensitive towards women. In this light, steps need to be taken to inculcate gender sensitivity in the Indian judiciary, so that it treats everyone as equal regardless of differences.

Presidential System of Governance – Does India need it?

Recently, the Member of the Parliament Shahi Tharoor argued for the need to change to a presidential system to ensure better functioning democracy. Though such a shift is impossible in the legal sense, it had received support from across the Indian political spectrum over the past decades in Independent India. This is because of the Presidential system’s merits of providing greater accountability and robust democracy due to separation of powers, decentralisation and the use of direct elections.

Central Bureau of Investigation – A Need for Overhaul

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), India’s premier anti-corruption watchdog, is currently suffering from diminishing credibility due to the tug-of-war between the Centre and states. As many as 7 states have revoked general consent because the agency is accused of being a “caged parrot” that sings the Centre’s tune. Yet, the CBI remains the first port of call for governments to signal that they favour fair probe insulated from politics that may hinder the local police. To strengthen this aspect of the agency, reforms must be made to enable it to be transparent, accountable and autonomous.

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Civil Services Reforms: Mission Karmayogi – Need, Criticisms, Way Forward

A well-functioning civil service helps to foster good policy formulation, effective service delivery, accountability and responsibility in utilizing public resources, which are the characteristics of good governance and also,  play an extremely important role in the administration and implementation, and in taking the country forward towards progress and development. Because of the changing societal needs, civil service reform is a must.

Parliamentary Oversight in India: Meaning, Issues, Effects

The notion of parliament as a mechanism to hold the government accountable has been questioned due to its recent failure in doing so. While the pandemic proved to be a hindrance to its normal working, the parliament when it worked failed to hold the executive accountable on many accounts. The saddest example of it is the passing of farm bills in the parliament which threw most of the parliamentary procedures out of the window. Let’s discuss the notion of parliamentary oversight and its importance in a parliamentary democracy like India in this article.

Alternative dispute resolution in India

The Already burdened courts with a huge pile of cases to be heard along with the current COVID-19 induced break to the justice delivery system has made experts to renew the debate on having a robust alternate dispute resolution system in India. The Coming into force of the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation recently has given a shot in the arm to the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism worldwide.

Drinking Water Supply in India and Draft BIS Standards- Highlights, Challenges, Way Forward

Recently, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) released a draft standard for drinking water supply for inviting comments from water utilities. This comes in the aftermath of the 2019 BIS study that threw light on the poor quality of piped drinking water in major cities like Delhi. In a period when good hygiene is becoming increasingly vital- even a matter of life and death- it is high time for bringing in uniformity in drinking water supply system in India.

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Nepotism: Origin, Types, Ethical issues, Impacts, way forward

The unfortunate suicide of Sushant Singh Rajput, a promising and talented actor from Bollywood, brought the issue of nepotism in the public debate. It is alleged that Sushant committed suicide due to rampant nepotism in Bollywood and the inability to handle the unspoken boycott by the big and mighty from the Bollywood industry. Especially the social media raised its voice against the nepotism in Bollywood and sad end to a very promising career. Nepotism is a concept that engulfs almost all sectors of society. We shall understand its socio-economic origins, its all-pervasive nature, and multiple impacts in this article.

Police Brutality and the need for Police Reforms

The Police system in India and its sorry state once again came to the fore recently when a father-Son duo, namely P Jeyaraj (58) and Fenix (31) respectively, died in Police custody in Tamil Nadu. The relatives and protestors fear this to be a case of police brutality. The reason for their arrest was that they kept their shop open beyond permitted time (restrictions placed in the light of COVID-19). This comes amid the cases of police brutality across the country and the recent uproar over the George Floyd case.

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