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India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. However, it is consuming the limited natural resources at an unsustainable rate. India’s resource extraction is estimated to be more than three times the world average. Also, India’s material productivity is much lower than the global average. Material productivity is the ratio of output achieved compared to the inputs used. Low material productivity means the inefficient use of natural resources. It is evident that India’s economic growth is at the cost of the natural environment. National Resources Efficiency Policy seeks to solve the problem of the inefficient use of natural resources and promote recycling and reusing of available resources. With the growing demands and the increased strain on the environment, a solid policy to ensure sustainable economic growth is a need of the hour.