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With reference to Indian history, consider the following statements:

  1. The Dutch established their factories/warehouses on the east coast on lands granted to them by Gajapati rulers.
  2. Alfonso de Albuquerque captured Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate.
  3. The English East India Company established a factory at Madras on a plot of land leased from a representative of the Vijayanagara empire.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation

The correct answer to the question is (b) 2 and 3 only.

  1. This statement is incorrect. The Gajapati dynasty ruled in Odisha until 1542, while the Dutch East India Company was formed in 1602. The Dutch established their first factory in Masulipatnam in 1605.
  2. This statement is correct. Alfonso de Albuquerque captured Goa from the Adil Shahis in 1510.
  3. This statement is correct. On August 22, 1639, English official Francis Day obtained a grant of a 3-mile-long strip of land for the East India Company from the local ruler, Damarla Venkatadri Nayaka, the Nayaka of Wandiwash.

Learn more

  • The Dutch East India Company was established in 1602 and aimed to eliminate the Portuguese and British merchandise powers from India and South East Asia.
  • The Portuguese conquest of Goa occurred in 1510 when Afonso de Albuquerque captured the city from the Adil Shahis.
  • The English East India Company was a joint-stock company founded in 1600 under a royal charter to trade with countries of South Asia and South-East Asia.

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