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Which one of the following lakes of West Africa has become dry and turned into a desert?

(a) Lake Victoria

(b) Lake Faguibine

(c) Lake Oguta

(d) Lake Volta

Explanation

The correct answer is (b) Lake Faguibine.

Here is a comprehensive explanation of each option:

(a) Lake Victoria

  • Lake Victoria is a freshwater lake in East Africa.
  • It is the largest lake in Africa and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world.
  • It is not dry and has not turned into a desert.

(b) Lake Faguibine

  • Lake Faguibine is located in northern Mali, west of Timbuktu.
  • It started to disappear after catastrophic droughts in the 1970s.
  • The lake has been mostly dry since the Sahel drought of the 1970s and 1980s.
  • The surrounding area has turned into a desert.

(c) Lake Oguta

  • Lake Oguta is a freshwater lake in Nigeria.
  • It is an important source of water for irrigation and fishing in the region.
  • It has not become dry or turned into a desert.

(d) Lake Volta

  • Lake Volta is the largest artificial reservoir in the world based on surface area.
  • It is located in Ghana, West Africa.
  • It is not dry and has not turned into a desert.

Learn more

  • Lake Faguibine is part of a system of five interconnected low-lying lakes and channels in Mali.
  • The lake was once one of the largest in West Africa and was fed by annual flooding from the Niger River.
  • The drying of Lake Faguibine has caused a partial collapse of the local ecosystem.
  • Climate change, human activities such as damming and irrigation, and the advance of the Sahara desert have contributed to the drying of the lake.
  • The drying of Lake Faguibine has forced more than 200,000 people to abandon their traditional livelihoods.

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