What are the environmental implications of the reclamation of the water bodies into urban land use? Explain with examples. (150 words) [2021]

The reclamation of water bodies into urban land use can have significant environmental implications. These implications can include:

  1. Loss of biodiversity: Reclamation of water bodies can lead to the loss of habitat for aquatic plants and animals, which can have negative impacts on local biodiversity. For example, the reclamation of wetlands for urban development can lead to the loss of habitat for migratory birds, amphibians, and other species that depend on these habitats.
  2. Water quality degradation: Reclamation of water bodies can lead to the alteration of water quality, particularly if the water bodies are used for industrial or sewage treatment purposes. This can have negative impacts on the health of aquatic ecosystems and can also affect the quality of water that is used for drinking, irrigation, and other purposes.
  3. Changes in local climate: Water bodies can play a significant role in regulating local climate, including temperature, humidity, and wind patterns. Reclamation of water bodies can alter these patterns, which can have negative impacts on local ecosystems and communities.
  4. Flooding and erosion: Water bodies can act as natural barriers to flooding and erosion, but reclamation of these bodies can increase the risk of these hazards. For example, the reclamation of coastal wetlands can increase the risk of flooding and erosion during storms.

Overall, the reclamation of water bodies into urban land use can have significant environmental implications, including the loss of biodiversity, degradation of water quality, changes in local climate, and increased risk of flooding and erosion.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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