The political and administrative reorganization of states and territories in India has been an ongoing process since the mid-nineteenth century. This process has aimed to address various issues, such as linguistic and cultural differences, administrative efficiency, and regional development.
- British India (1858-1947): The British colonial administration initiated the process of reorganizing territories in India, primarily for administrative purposes and to consolidate their rule.
- Example: The British divided Bengal into two provinces, East Bengal and West Bengal, in 1905, which was later annulled due to widespread protests.
- Post-Independence (1947-1956): After India gained independence in 1947, the process of reorganizing states and territories continued to accommodate the diverse linguistic and cultural groups.
- Example: The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 led to the creation of 14 states and six union territories based on linguistic lines.
- Linguistic Reorganization (1956-present): The reorganization of states based on linguistic lines has been a significant factor in India’s political and administrative landscape.
- Example: The creation of Andhra Pradesh in 1953 marked the beginning of the linguistic reorganization of states in India.
- Administrative Efficiency (1960-present): The reorganization of states and territories has also been driven by the need for better administrative efficiency and regional development.
- Example: The formation of smaller states like Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh in 2000 aimed to improve governance and promote regional development. copyright©iasexpress.net
- Recent Reorganization (2000-present): The process of reorganizing states and territories in India continues to address various political, administrative, and cultural issues.
- Example: The bifurcation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, in 2019, was a significant recent reorganization.
In conclusion, the political and administrative reorganization of states and territories in India has been an ongoing process since the mid-nineteenth century. This process has been driven by various factors, such as linguistic and cultural differences, administrative efficiency, and regional development. The reorganization of states and territories has played a crucial role in shaping India’s political landscape and addressing the diverse needs of its population.