The judicial system in India and UK seem to be converging as well as diverging in recent times. Highlight the key points of convergence and divergence between the two nations in terms of their judicial practices.

There are both points of convergence and divergence between the judicial systems of India and the UK in recent times.

One point of convergence is the increasing use of technology in the judicial process, with both countries implementing e-courts and using video conferencing for hearings. Another point of convergence is the increasing focus on alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods, such as mediation and arbitration, as a means of resolving disputes more efficiently and cost-effectively.

However, there are also points of divergence between the two judicial systems. One major point of divergence is the structure of the judiciary, with the UK having a two-tiered system comprising the Supreme Court and lower courts, while India has a multi-tiered system with the Supreme Court at the top, followed by the High Courts and lower courts. Another point of divergence is the role of judges in the judicial process, with judges in the UK expected to be neutral and impartial, while judges in India have a more active role in the judicial process through the use of judicial magistracy.

Overall, while there are points of convergence in the use of technology and ADR methods, there are also significant differences in the structure of the judiciary and the role of judges in the judicial process.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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