Self Employment Scheme For Rehabilitation Of Manual Scavengers


  • The Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS) was introduced in January 2017.


  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

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  • To assist the identified manual scavengers and their dependants in rehabilitation in alternative occupations.
  • To provide one-time cash assistance, project-based upfront capital subsidy, concessional loans, and training for skill development.
  • To provide health insurance coverage and upskilling/RPL training to sanitation workers.


  • Cash assistance of ₹40,000 to identified manual scavengers.
  • Project-based upfront capital subsidy up to ₹5,00,000 and concessional loans.
  • Assistance for procurement of sanitation-related projects on the same scale as admissible to manual scavengers for general tasks.
  • Eligible for projects costing up to ₹50,00,000.
  • Training for skill development for up to two years, during which a stipend of ₹3,000 per month is provided.
  • Health Insurance coverage of ₹5,00,000 under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PMJAY).
  • Upskilling/RPL training to sanitation workers.
  • Workshops on “Hazardous Cleaning of Sewers and Septic Tanks”.


  • The applicant should be engaged or employed as a Manual Scavenger.
  • Sanitation Workers and their dependents are eligible only for assistance for sanitation-related self-employment projects.

Implementation Strategy

  • Credit linked upfront capital subsidy.
  • Rate of interest chargeable from the beneficiaries.
  • Period of repayment of the loan, including the moratorium period.
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