“Refugees should not be turned back to the country where they would face prosecution or human rights violation.” Examine the statement with reference to the ethical dimension being violated by the nation claiming to be democratic with an open society. (150 words) [2021]

The statement “refugees should not be turned back to the country where they would face prosecution or human rights violation” highlights the ethical dimension of protecting individuals from persecution and abuse. When a nation claims to be democratic with an open society, it has a responsibility to uphold certain ethical values and principles, including the protection of human rights and the right to seek asylum.

Turning refugees back to a country where they would face prosecution or human rights violation would be in violation of this ethical dimension, as it would expose the refugees to harm and abuse. This would go against the principles of democracy and openness, as it would fail to provide refugees with the protection and support they need and deserve.

There are several ethical principles that would be violated by turning refugees back to a country where they would face persecution or human rights violation. These include:

  • The principle of non-refoulement, which prohibits the return of individuals to a country where they would face persecution or abuse.
  • The principle of respect for human rights, which requires that individuals be treated with dignity and respect and be protected from harm.
  • The principle of fairness and justice, which requires that individuals be treated equally and with impartiality, regardless of their background or circumstances.

By turning refugees back to a country where they would face persecution or human rights violation, a nation would be in violation of these ethical principles and would be failing to uphold its democratic and open society values.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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