In the past few decades, Asia experienced significant growth driven by countries such as China, Vietnam, and India. However, this growth has slowed in recent years and Africa has emerged as a new center of growth. India has sought to increase its engagement with the continent in a number of ways.
- India has made significant economic investments in Africa, including through its duty-free tariff preferential scheme for Least Developed Nations, and has also increased trade ties with African countries.
- India has provided development assistance and diplomatic outreach to Africa, including through the opening of new embassies and the provision of grants in aid and technical assistance.
- India has also invested in capacity building in Africa, providing over $1 billion in technical assistance and training to personnel through its Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation program.
- India has cooperated with African countries on a range of issues, including solar energy development, information technology, cybersecurity, maritime security, disaster relief, counter-terrorism, and military training.
- In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, India has also shared COVID-19 management strategies and trained African healthcare professionals through its e-ITEC initiative.