How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers? (150 words) [2021]

Land reforms in some parts of India have helped to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers by:

  • Redistributing land from large landowners to landless or marginal farmers through the abolition of systems such as Zamindari, Ryotwari, and Mahalwari. Thus increasing their landholdings and income.
  • Improving access to credit and other resources, allowing small farmers to invest in their farms and improve their efficiency and profitability.
  • Promoting land consolidation, helping to combine small and fragmented plots of land into larger, more productive units.
  • Increasing the collateral value of land, making it easier for small farmers to access credit and other resources.
  • Providing legal protection and security of tenure to small farmers, encouraging them to invest in their land and improve its productivity.
  • Promoting the adoption of new technologies and practices, which can improve the productivity and profitability of small farms.
  • Improving the bargaining power of small farmers in the market, helping them to secure better prices for their products.

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