Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, coupled with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development in India? Examine with justification. (250 words) [2021]

Digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, coupled with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility, has hindered socio-economic development in India.

  1. Limited access to education and information: Digital illiteracy in rural areas limits access to education and information, which can have a negative impact on socio-economic development. For example, students in rural areas may not have access to online educational resources or be able to participate in distance learning programs, which can limit their educational opportunities and hinder their future prospects.
  2. Limited access to job opportunities: Digital illiteracy can also limit access to job opportunities, particularly in sectors where ICT skills are required. This can contribute to the rural-urban divide and hinder socio-economic development in rural areas.
  3. Limited access to healthcare: Lack of ICT accessibility in rural areas can also hinder access to healthcare, as it may be difficult for patients to access telemedicine services or obtain information about health services. This can lead to inequalities in healthcare access and contribute to poor health outcomes in rural areas.
  4. Limited access to financial services: Digital illiteracy and lack of ICT accessibility can also limit access to financial services, such as online banking and digital payment platforms. This can make it difficult for people in rural areas to access financial services and participate in the formal economy, hindering socio-economic development.

Overall, digital illiteracy and lack of ICT accessibility in rural areas have had negative impacts on socio-economic development in India. To address these issues, there must be efforts to increase digital literacy and improve ICT infrastructure in rural areas.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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