The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body responsible for conducting and supervising elections in the country. One of the key tools at the ECI’s disposal is the Model Code of Conduct (MCC), which lays down guidelines for the conduct of political parties and candidates during the election process.
The MCC has evolved over time, and today it covers a wide range of issues, including the use of government resources for election campaigning, the use of hate speech and communal appeals, and the role of the media in reporting on elections. The MCC is not a legally binding document, but it is widely respected and has become an important part of the election process in India.
The ECI plays a crucial role in enforcing the MCC during the election process. It has the power to issue orders and directives to ensure that the MCC is followed, and it can take action against parties and candidates who violate the MCC. This includes issuing warnings, canceling the registration of political parties, and disqualifying candidates from contesting elections.
In summary, the ECI plays a vital role in ensuring that elections in India are conducted in a free and fair manner. It does this, in part, by enforcing the Model Code of Conduct, which sets out guidelines for the conduct of political parties and candidates during the election process.