Discuss the natural resource potential of ‘Deccan trap’. (150 words) [2022]


The Deccan Traps, formed around 65 million years ago through massive volcanic eruptions, comprise a vast igneous province in India. The region’s distinct step-like landscape was created by the deposition and solidification of basaltic lava. Encompassing an area of approximately 500,000 square kilometers, the Deccan Traps are primarily located in Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh.

Natural Resource Potential:

  • Mineral resources: The Deccan Traps are rich in minerals like basalt, laterite, and bauxite. Basalt is used in construction, while laterite and bauxite are essential for cement and aluminum production, respectively.
    • Example: Maharashtra’s Chandrapur district boasts abundant deposits of coal and limestone, crucial for the cement industry.
  • Water resources: The Deccan Traps play a vital role in groundwater recharge due to the porous basalt rocks, maintaining the water table and supporting agriculture.
    • Example: The Godavari and Krishna river basins, originating in the Deccan Traps, provide irrigation and drinking water supply.
  • Soil fertility: The volcanic origin of the Deccan Traps has created fertile black cotton soil, ideal for cultivating crops like cotton, sugarcane, and pulses.
  • Energy resources: The region offers potential for renewable energy generation, especially through wind and solar power, thanks to its topography and climate.
    • Example: Maharashtra’s Satara district hosts numerous wind farms contributing to renewable energy generation.


The Deccan Traps hold significant natural resource potential that can be harnessed for sustainable regional development. Responsible extraction, utilization, and the promotion of renewable energy generation are key. This approach will not only boost the local economy but also contribute to India’s overall growth and development.

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