Critically examine the procedures through which the presidents of India and France are elected. (250 words) [2022]

The procedures for electing the presidents of India and France are quite different.

In India, the President is elected by an electoral college consisting of the members of both houses of Parliament and the members of the legislative assemblies of the states. The President is elected through a system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. This means that voters rank the candidates in order of preference, and the candidate who receives a majority of the votes is declared the winner. If no candidate receives a majority, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and their votes are redistributed to the remaining candidates according to the preferences of the voters. This process continues until a candidate receives a majority of the votes.

In France, the President is elected through a two-round system. In the first round, all candidates who have received at least 500 endorsements from elected officials are eligible to run. If no candidate receives a majority of the votes in the first round, a second round is held between the top two candidates. The candidate who receives a majority of the votes in the second round is declared the winner.

In summary, the procedures for electing the presidents of India and France are quite different, with India using a proportional representation system with a single transferable vote, and France using a two-round system. Both systems have their own strengths and weaknesses, and it is up to each country to decide which system best suits its needs and political culture.

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