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Consider the following statements in respect of the Constitution Day:

Statement-I: The Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November every year to promote constitutional values among citizens. 

Statement-II: On 26th November, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India set up Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution of India.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements? 

(a) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I 

(b) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I

(c) Statement-I is correct but Statement-II is incorrect

(d) Statement-I is incorrect but Statement-II is correct

Explanation:

  • Based on the given statements:
    • Statement-I: Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated in India on 26th November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly. This day promotes awareness of the Indian Constitution and its architect, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, among citizens. This statement is correct.
    • Statement-II: However, on 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India did not set up a Drafting Committee. The Drafting Committee, chaired by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, was already set up much earlier, in 1947. On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted the draft constitution. This statement is therefore incorrect.
  • Based on this analysis, the correct answer is (c) Statement-I is correct and Statement-II is incorrect.

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