Consider the following statements:

  1. A bill amending the Constitution requires a prior recommendation of the President of India.
  2. When a Constitution Amendment Bill is presented to the President of India, it is obligatory for the President of India to give his/her assent
  3. A Constitution Amendment Bill must be passed by a special majority and there is no provision for Joint Sitting

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

Based on the given statements, the correct option is 2. 2 and 3 only. Here’s the explanation for each statement:

  1. A bill amending the Constitution requires a prior recommendation of the President of India.
    • This statement is incorrect. Constitution Amendment Bills are not treated as Money Bills or Financial Bills, and therefore, the President’s recommendation under articles 117 and 274 of the Constitution is not asked for.
  2. When a Constitution Amendment Bill is presented to the President of India, it is obligatory for the President of India to give his/her assent.
    • This statement is correct. The Twenty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution of India makes it obligatory for the President to give his assent when a Constitution Amendment Bill is presented to him.
  3. A Constitution Amendment Bill must be passed by a special majority and there is no provision for Joint Sitting.
    • This statement is correct. Article 368 of the Indian Constitution requires that the Constitution of India can be amended by both houses of parliament by a 2/3 majority (special majority). There is no provision for a joint sitting in case of a deadlock for constitutional amendments.

Constitution Amendment Bill in India:

  • A Constitution Amendment Bill is a bill that seeks to amend the Constitution of India.
  • The process for amending the Constitution is outlined in Article 368, which requires both houses of parliament to pass the bill by a special majority (2/3 of the members present and voting).
  • Once the bill is passed, it is presented to the President of India, who is obligated to give his assent.
  • There is no provision for a joint sitting in case of a deadlock for constitutional amendments, ensuring that any changes to the Constitution are made with broad consensus among the lawmakers.

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