Consider the following information:

Archaeological SiteStateDescription
1. ChandraketugarhOdishaTrading Port town
2. InamgaonMaharashtraChalcolithic site
3. MangaduKeralaMegalithic site
4. SalihundamAndhra PradeshRock-cut cave shrines

In which of the above rows is the given information correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 4

Correct Answer: (b) 2 and 3

  • Option 1: Chandraketugarh | Odisha | Trading Port town
    • Incorrect: Chandraketugarh is located in West Bengal, not Odisha. It is an ancient site known for being a trading port town and an important urban center in early historic times.
  • Option 2: Inamgaon | Maharashtra | Chalcolithic site
    • Correct: Inamgaon is an archaeological site located in Maharashtra. It is a significant Chalcolithic site known for its extensive excavations revealing details about the Malwa and Jorwe cultures.
  • Option 3: Mangadu | Kerala | Megalithic site
    • Correct: Mangadu is located in Kerala and is known for its Megalithic site with numerous megaliths, including urn burials and stone circles.
  • Option 4: Salihundam | Andhra Pradesh | Rock-cut cave shrines
    • Incorrect: Salihundam is located in Andhra Pradesh but is known for its Buddhist stupas and monastic complexes, not rock-cut cave shrines.

Learn more

  • Chandraketugarh:
    • Located in West Bengal, about 35 km northeast of Kolkata.
    • Identified with the ancient kingdom of Gangaridai.
    • Archaeological findings date back to the 3rd century BCE.
    • Known for its fortified city, trade relations, and terracotta art.
  • Inamgaon:
    • Situated in Maharashtra on the banks of the river Ghod.
    • Chalcolithic site with evidence of Malwa and Jorwe cultures.
    • Excavations revealed house plans, pottery, and burial practices.
    • Provides insights into the subsistence and habitation patterns of Chalcolithic farmers.
  • Mangadu:
    • Located in Kerala, known for its Megalithic monuments.
    • Features include urn burials, stone circles, and iron implements.
    • Dates back to the Iron Age, indicating early human settlement and agricultural practices.
  • Salihundam:
    • Situated in Andhra Pradesh on the banks of the Vamsadhara River.
    • Known for its Buddhist stupas, chaityas, and viharas.
    • Reflects the spread of Buddhism from the 2nd century CE.
    • Important for understanding the evolution of Buddhist architecture.

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