Consider the following airports:

  1. Donyi Polo Airport
  2. Kushinagar International Airport
  3. Vijayawada International Airport

In the recent past, which of the above have been constructed as Greenfield projects?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

The correct answer is (a) 1 and 2 only.

  • Donyi Polo Airport: This airport has been constructed as a Greenfield project. It is a newly built airport in Arunachal Pradesh, India, aimed at improving connectivity in the northeastern region.
  • Kushinagar International Airport: This airport is also a Greenfield project. It was developed to boost tourism and facilitate international travel, particularly for Buddhist pilgrims visiting the historical site of Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Vijayawada International Airport: This airport is not a Greenfield project. It was originally a domestic airport and later upgraded to an international airport, thus not fitting the criteria of a Greenfield project.

Learn more

Greenfield Projects

  • Definition: Greenfield projects refer to new developments on previously undeveloped land. These projects are built from scratch, without the need to remodel or demolish existing structures.
  • Purpose: They are often initiated to meet new demands, improve infrastructure, and stimulate economic growth in underdeveloped or strategically important areas.
  • Examples: Airports, industrial parks, and residential complexes are common types of Greenfield projects.
  • Advantages:
    • Customization: Allows for modern, state-of-the-art facilities tailored to current needs.
    • Efficiency: Can incorporate the latest technology and design standards.
    • Economic Growth: Stimulates local economies by creating jobs and improving connectivity.
  • Challenges:
    • Environmental Impact: Potential disruption to local ecosystems and communities.
    • High Costs: Significant investment required for land acquisition and construction.
    • Regulatory Hurdles: Often involves complex approval processes and compliance with various regulations.

Examples of Greenfield Airports in India

  • Donyi Polo Airport: Located in Arunachal Pradesh, it enhances connectivity in the northeastern region.
  • Kushinagar International Airport: Situated in Uttar Pradesh, it serves as a gateway for international tourists, especially Buddhist pilgrims.
Reflection in IAS EXPRESS

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