Border Security Force (BSF): Objectives & Functions

From Prelims Sureshots » Government Bodies & Agencies

  • India’s border guarding organisation on its border with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • raised in the wake of the 1965 war in 1965, “for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected there with”.
  • It has various active roles during an outbreak of war.
  • It is the only CAPF to have a Water Wing, Air Wing and an Artillery Regiment.
  • It comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • It currently stands as the world’s largest border guarding force.
  • BSF has been termed as the First Line of Defence of Indian territories

This topic of “Border Security Force (BSF): Objectives & Functions” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


During peacetime

  • Border guard and security.
  • Prevention trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
  • Prevention of smuggling and any other illegal activities on the border.
  • Anti-infiltration duties.
  • Collection trans-border intelligence.
  • To promote a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.

During war time

  • Holding ground in assigned sectors.
  • Limited aggressive action against irregular forces of the enemy.
  • Maintenance of law and order in enemy territory administered under the Army’s control.
  • Acting as guides to the Army in border areas.
  • Assistance in control of refugees.
  • Provision of escorts.
  • Performing special tasks connected with intelligence including cross-border raids.
  • Replenishing manpower.

BSF is also employed for Internal Security Duties and other law and order duties on the requisition of the State Government. Being a Central Armed Police Force it can be entrusted with policing duties at any place apart from its mandate.

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