Oil Spill – Impact, Challenges, Way Ahead

Reading Time: 13 mins In May, the thousands of tonnes of diesel spilled into the Ambarnaya River, turning its surface crimson. The Russian government had to declare a state of emergency amid criticism from environmentalists. Such a major accident in an environmentally sensitive zone has sparked serious concerns. In this context, India’s preparedness to deal with oil spills needs to be examined.

Assam Blowout – Causes, Consequences, Way Ahead

Reading Time: 9 mins Yet another addition to the series of industrial accidents and disasters plaguing India during the trying times of a global pandemic- recently dubbed ‘The Anthropause’. The Assam blowout that happened in May and the subsequent fires in June has claimed several lives apart from causing gross damage to the environment and the livelihood of the locals. This comes at a time when environmentalists are continuing to raise concerns about the draft Environmental Impact Assessment norms 2020. The current incident is presenting itself to India as a test of its ability to learn from its mistakes and prioritize what’s important in the long run.

[Disaster Series] Cyclones and its Management in India [Updated]

Reading Time: 10 mins Updates *
India has to be prepared for many destructing disasters of which Cyclone is a critical challenge. India has a coastline of about 7,516 km (Mainland-5,400 km, Islands- 132 km in Lakshadweep and 1,900 km in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands). Though the North Indian Ocean Basin generates only around 7% of the world’s cyclones, the impact is higher and very devastating, especially when they strike the coasts along the North Bay of Bengal. The recent Amphan cyclone that struck the Bay of Bengal coast is a case in point. *

Industrial/Chemical Disasters in India – Background, Reasons, Safeguards

Reading Time: 8 mins The recent gas leak in Visakhapatnam has thrown light on the expanding risk that industrial establishments pose to human settlements and the environment. The incident has occurred during the lockdown- an already vulnerable period for the country. However, this isn’t the first such incident. The NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority) identified more than 130 significant chemical accidents in the recent past and these have claimed 259 deaths and caused serious injuries to over 560 people.

[Disaster Series] Disaster Management Act 2005 & Coronavirus Lockdown

Reading Time: 8 mins On 24th March 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced a nation-wide lockdown, from 25th March 2020 to 14th April 2020. The nationwide lockdown aims to combat the COVID-19 outbreak that is infecting thousands of people across the country and is intended to enable the concept of “social distancing” to contain the spread of the virus. The lockdown has legal backing based on Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 and Disaster Management Act, 2005.

[Disaster Series] Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

Reading Time: 7 mins

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This year, to mark the fifth anniversary of the Sendai Framework, United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction released the first snapshot of the statistics available in the online report, “Monitoring the Implementation of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2020-2030: A Snapshot of Reporting for 2018”. Sendai Framework has proven to be significant in understanding disasters and ensuring international cooperation to reduce their risks to human lives.

[Disaster Series] Landslides in India and its Management

Reading Time: 6 mins Humans have always had to face the impact of natural hazards. Natural hazards account for up to 4 percent of the annual deaths worldwide, besides causing enormous economic losses and habitation losses. Landslides are a significant type of natural disaster that affects most of the hilly regions. Landslides are a downward and outward movement of slope materials like rock debris and earth, under the influence of gravity. when the shear stress exceeds the shear strength of the material, the down-slope movement of the mass of rocks & debris initiates.